14 giant infrastructure projects that are reshaping the world

The world is full of inconceivably huge projects, happening right under our noses.

Take the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, which will link three major Chinese cities in the country’s quest to bring 42 million people together. Or there’s Google’s plan to make Internet available in every facet of city life as part of its highly secretive urban planning arm, Sidewalk Labs.

Those efforts and many others illustrate how investing billions of dollars in simple things like roads and Wifi access can make everyone’s lives better.

Here are some of the biggest projects the world has seen so far.

Scheduled for completion in September 2016, China’s Pingtang telescope will be the world’s second-largest radio telescope. Its dish measures 1,640 feet across.

After 17 years of construction, the Gotthard Base Tunnel opened in Switzerland on June 1, 2016. At 35 miles long, it’s both the longest and deepest train tunnel in the world, offering unprecedented efficiency when traveling through the Alps.

The newly expanded Panama Canal was unveiled to the public in early June, 102 years after it first opened. It took $5.4 billion and 40,000 workers to triple the capacity of the waterway.

In 2026, an Iraqi skyscraper known as “The Bride” will feature a “veil” of solar panels and produce as much energy as it consumes. It’ll be 3,779 feet tall and contain parks, offices, restaurants, and a rail system.

Completed in 2011, China’s Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is the world’s longest cross-sea bridge, stretching nearly 26 miles — almost the length of a marathon. It cut travel time in half for people going between east China and the island of Huangdao.

In 2015, the Itaipu Dam on the border of Brazil and Paraguay generated 89.5 Twh of energy, the most of any dam in the world. It supplies 75% of Paraguay’s total energy and nearly 20% of Brazil’s.

London’s Crossrail project — a massive upgrade to the existing Underground system — is the largest construction project ever undertaken in Europe. It involves 10 new train lines and connects 30 existing stations via brand-new tunnels. It will begin service in 2017, and be fully operational by 2020.

The Hyderabad Metro Rail is a 46-mile-long light rail system that will finally bring communication-based train control to India. It’s due to be completed in 2017.

The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge project will link three cities in China’s Pearl River Delta — creating one mega-city of 42 million people — when it’s completed in 2017.

Dubai’s Mall of the World will be a colossal domed structure nine times bigger than the Mall of America. When it opens in 2029, it will be temperature-controlled, feature thousands of hotel rooms, and have its own transit line.

Google’s parent company, Alphabet Inc., is developing plans to create “Smart Cities” — redeveloped areas with complete Internet access, renewable energy, and the latest in automated technology — throughout the US.

The Riyadh Metro, Saudi Arabia’s new $23.5 billion rail line will boast a station designed by Zaha Hadid. Its 109 miles of railway will revolutionize how residents of Riyadh get around. It’s set to begin operation by 2019.

Songdo, South Korea is a so-called “smart city” located on 1,500 acres of waterfront land. Completed in 2015, Songdo’s near-comprehensive Internet access gives its 67,000 residents a taste of future society.

The South–North Water Transfer Project is an ongoing Chinese effort to move nearly 45 billion cubic feet of water from the Yangtze River to the country’s less fertile northern regions. More than $79 billion has been spent on the migration so far.


5 of the biggest Internet of Things smart city projects from around the world

List: Spain, UAE, Singapore and Australia, across the world governments and companies are investing heavily in smart city research and projects.

As smart cities in the UK seem to be unknown to the large majority of Brits, other initiatives overseas are making the news.

Yet, the smart city opportunity is very much alive in the UK. For example, London alone may benefit from £8.9bn of total global spending for smart city technologies by 2020, according to the ‘Future of Smart’ report by Arup. But how are other cities doing around the world?

CBR lists five big smart city programs.

india smc

India – 100 cities

Amount: $15bn

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s plans to transform the country’s cities is now set to add forty more cities for the second phase of the $15bn Smart City Mission project.

The cities are expected to be announced in June, following the first phase which includes Bhubaneshwar, Pune, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bhopal and NDMC area of Delhi.

Overall, the project will target 100 cities across the country and aims to have made them smart by the end of this decade.

Cities will see general connectivity boosted, as well as e-government and citizen participation enhanced though IT systems, and an improvement of the overall urban mobility strategy and smarter public transports.

The US Ambassador to India, Richard R. Verma, also said that the US will continue to invest in India’s smart cities, especially on the infrastructure side. The country sees a market potential of $1.5tr in India’s smart cities.

dubai sc

UAE – Dubai

Amount: $8bn+

Dubai’s official government plans to smarten up the city are estimated to be worth $7bn to $8bn, yet, this value does not include all the private investments for mega projects such as, for example, the new city’s tallest tower (at over 828m) set for competition in 2020.

Under the Dubai Plan 2021, the smart city strategy includes over 100 initiatives and a plan to transform 1,000 government services into smart services, mostly based on data.

Dubai (together with neighboring city Abu Dhabi) is also deploying over 5,000 WiFi hotspots to offer free internet.

With the city in preparations to host the Expo 2020 through to 2021, Dubai is also investing heavily on smart transportation systems, by deploying traffic sensors, launching mobile traffic apps, and also looking at the introduction of driverless vehicles in the city’s ecosystem.

The Dubai Plan 2021 covers all other areas of a smart city, including healthcare, industrial, education, safety, telecoms, tourism and utilities, where 250,000 smart meters are set to be deployed by 2018.

In the safety arena, one of the city’s government plans is to introduce Google’s Glass technology to the police to create the world’s smartest police stations also by 2018.

The country is also taking urban landscape to an extreme with plans to build an artificial mountain, tall enough to make it rain more often in the desert nation. The project’s cost is still being estimated by the National Centre of Meteorology and Seismology.



Spain – Barcelona

Amount: $90m+

The Catalonian capital, Barcelona, is rapidly becoming a smart metropolis and a world tech capital.

The city has deployed sensors to measure different things, from noise control to air quality and waste management. Yet, the most widely used sensors network gives motorists real-time information on street parking using the mobile app ApparkB.

Streetlights are also another value asset. On top of LED technology, the more than 3,000 lights have the intelligence to active when motion is detected, as well as gather information about pollution, noise, humidity and the overall environment.

Recently, the city announced that half of the 1,500 WiFi spots planned for deployment have been installed and works will continue to bring free internet access across the whole city.

Barcelona is also rolling out more eGovernment services, contactless services, more city apps, smart bus stops and more.

Barcelona City Council and the Catalan Government have also announced that a total of 90m euros will be investment in the next mandate to boost investment related to economic growth, innovation and the public services of smart cities.



Australia – Whole country

Amount: $50m

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has unveiled the “Commonwealth’s Smart Cities Plan” for the country.

To deliver the Smart Cities Plan, the Australian Government will invite state and territory governments to partner on City Deals.

City Deals will provide common objectives across levels of government, support for key industry and employment centres, infrastructure investment linked to broader reform and changes to planning and governance arrangements to deliver enduring benefits.

The Government said the plan is not solely targeted at capital cities, but at every Australian cities. It has also called on all Australians to share their ideas on what their cities need digitally.

The project is being launched with an initial $50m budget to develop business cases and investment options for major infrastructure projects.



Amount: not disclosed

The Singaporean government, which started one of the largest smart cities roll outs in the world back in 2014, Smart Nation, has unveiled plans to cover the entire city-state with sensors and smart cameras to collect data across all verticals, including rubbish.

According to the WSJ, the government will put the data into an online platform (Virtual Singapore).

The data will be accessible to governmental bodies only and will give insights into everything, including public waters in an attempt to bring down any risk of diseases.

Singapore has never disclosed any amount invested in the Smart Nation program, yet, it is safe to say hundreds of millions of dollars must have been invested.

5 Construction Mega Projects to look out for in 2016

5 Construction Mega Projects to look out for in 2016

Construction mega projects, especially those related to infrastructure, play a crucial role in shaping the future of individuals, cities, and states. They have the potential to transform entire countries, and have done so; the Panama Canal, for instance, today is responsible for much of the country’s GDP. Another mega project which springs to mind is Dubai International Airport, which contributes around 25 per cent of both Dubai’s employment and GDP. These and many more mega projects have achieved their initial purposes, seen expansion and have inspired plans and construction of new mega projects. As 2015 draws to a close, we consider what will happen in the construction industry in 2016 and beyond.

Panama Canal Expansion

Since 1914 the Panama Canal has allowed ships to pass from the Atlantic through to the Pacific Ocean. In over 100 years of existence, this mega project continues to enjoy great success. However, increasing ship sizes and transport volumes, competition through the Northwest passage or Suez Canal, and significant water loss in the oceans at Lake Gatun have necessitated an expansion of the canal – even if it means cutting out more of Panama. Set to finish in 2016, the expansion project will make the existing canal wider and deeper. A 6.1km long channel will be carved out for new floodgates. The whole process is going to consume over 4.4 million cubic metres of concrete and cost more than US$5.25bn.

The Panama Canal Expansion Mega ProjectEnabling the passage of an increasing number of ships, the Panama Canal needs to be expanded

Gujarat International Finance Tec-City

To grow its financial industry and become a global financial hub, India commissioned the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT) mega project. Upon completion it rival with Paris’ La Défense, Tokyo’s Shinjuku, and the London Docklands. As a construction model in India, GIFT will advance the idea of sustainability in the country. Following the construction of basic infrastructure and development of services, the third phase of constructing of the fully built city is scheduled to begin in 2016.
At a planned cost of US$20bn, the city will stretch over 5.8 square kilometres of real estate and residential space, including over 200 skyscrapers upwards of over 80m height. This mega project has dedicated some 35 per cent to green areas, and about 25 per cent to infrastructure like roads, parking, and grass strips.

Gujarat International Financial CityModel picture of an industrial city

Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project

This mega project creates a city-within-a-city idea in the west of New York. The project is the biggest real estate development in U.S. history and the largest in New York since the Rockefeller Centre. The site will stretch over more than 1.6 square kilometres, comprising and equal share of residential and commercial space, and open spaces. It is not just its vast size within the world’s most famous metropolis that makes this mega project so remarkable.
The real highlight lies in its concept. Built above one of the world’s busiest railway yards that will keep running uninterrupted, the mini-metropolis will float over the streets of Manhattan. The whole site will rest on a technically highly sophisticated network of steel beams, concrete, and tunnels. Finding the space for and building a structure that can carry the enormous weight of a city of high-rises and luxury spaces poses a huge challenge, one that is being tackled jointly by Related Companies and Oxford Properties Group. While the eastern platform is to be completed this year, the western platform will reach construction end in 2016. Construction on the upper levels will begin thereafter, set for completion in 2024. The total budgeted costs for this project add up to US$20bn.

The Hudson Yards Development Mega ProjectVision for the Hudson Yards Redevelopment mega project

Riyadh Metro

In 2014 construction giants Bechtel, FFC, Strukton, and many more, came together to start building the new infrastructure backbone of Saudi Arabia’s capital, after having been awarded contracts adding up to over US$23.5bn. As Riyadh’s population is expected to grow by 25 per cent until 2030, the new metro system is designed to cater to the demand of an ever growing population, reduce street congestion, and improve air quality. Over 176 kilometres of railway line, combined with 85 kilometres of bus rapid transit, make the Riyadh Metro the biggest mega project of its kind in the world. Many of its stations will be designed to meet the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) standards. The technologies necessary to that end include heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning efficiencies, and installations that conserve energy and water. Additionally, the structures take advantage of Riyadh’s environment, generating electricity through photovoltaics.

The Riyadh Metro Mega ProjectDesign for one of the 85 stations of the new Riyadh Metro system

Khazar Islands

While most mega projects have the purpose of advancing society, or at least to cater to the needs of a growing world economy, Azerbaijan’s Khazar Islands has a different focus. The centre piece of these islands, the creatively named Azerbaijan tower, will be the world’s newest tallest building. Construction kicks off in 2016. The tower will rise over 41 artificial islands in the Caspian Sea, requiring the demolition of a mountain nearby. The islands are to feature at least eight hotels, an airport, a yacht club, and a Formula 1 racetrack. Estimated construction costs for the tower and the rest of the site are US$2bn and 100bn respectively.
Apart from the inherent environmental destruction, such a mega project would hardly raise any eyebrows if it were to be constructed elsewhere, like the United Arab Emirates. Locating such a mega project in a country like Azerbaijan, a nation at the lower end of the Human Development Index, can only be called lunacy. The project is the brainchild of project developer and billionaire Ibrahim Ibrahimov, and his ties to the corrupt and newly oil-rich government of the country.

The Khazar Islands Mega ProjectConcept of Azerbaijan’s Khazar Islands, reaching into the Caspian Sea

Outlook for the next year

With an anticipated growth of around 3 per cent in 2016, the global construction industry is continuing on upward trend. Therefore, staying up to date with the latest mega projects is happening is crucial for (aspiring) global players in the construction industry. To help you with lead generation, you can find more detailed information on each of the mega projects described above and many more, on the Building Radar platform.

Author: Laurenz Kalthoff

Panning for ‘right data’ gold in the Big Data torrent


Enterprises must learn to filter the Big Data torrent and present business users with a golden subset of actionable ‘right data’ writes Infor’s Kevin Price

Big Data Gold
Big Data Gold

We all know what ’Big Data’ means – data sets that are so large or complex, they can’t be managed with traditional data processing applications. Management of Big Data highlights issues around data capture, analysis, search, sharing, querying, curation, storage, transfer, visualization, updating, and privacy

We also all know the importance of Big Data. McKinsey predicted five years ago:

Big Data … will become a key basis of competition, underpinning new waves of productivity, growth, innovation, and consumer surplus.

McKinsey also noted the implications of Big Data would reach far beyond data managers – the specialists responsible for data care and management – to affect the most senior leaders in every business sector. This proliferation would be thanks to the rise of multimedia, social media, and the Internet of Things (IoT).

The prediction got it right. A Google search today of the phrase ’big data’ produces 2.1 billion results that run the gamut from news reports to product pitches.

With technological advances and greater affordability in alert management and monitoring, we can now collect every kind of available data before making decisions. Yet the challenge of making sense of Big Data in a timely fashion is still a hurdle. More does not necessarily equal better …

NPR reported recently that biomedical researchers can’t keep up with the information flow being generated by scores of megaprojects. The data is costing billions of dollars to collect, but the investment in analyzing the data is nearly nonexistent. ’Drinking from the firehose’ is a phrase you probably know all too well – the sheer volume of information now available can be overwhelming.

Moving from Big Data to right data

One way to get to the right data is to bring it to the surface – in time to make a difference. It’s the digital equivalent of panning for gold. Truly useful data nuggets are buried within the torrential stream of data you collect. Finding those nuggets quickly and making them accessible to the people who need to act on them is the goal of ’right data.’

Right data has been defined as ’the golden subset’ of information that is left after extraneous data, bias, noise, and spam have been eliminated. Right data shows whether completed projects have been successful as compared to their goals, determines if there is a need to course-correct on current initiatives, and uncovers new opportunities. In short, it guides business success. So how do we find this gold?

Consider the case of CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. CERN oversees the world’s largest and most complex machine, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and its 1.8 million critical assets—buildings, tunnels, caverns, roads, car parks, electricity, water, cooling and ventilation, access control, machine tools, lifting equipment, its accelerator complex, supra-conducting magnets, cryogenics, controls equipment, electronics, and radiation monitoring. The amount of physics data stored daily is 100 terabytes.

CERN’s asset management software is the central hub for both technical and financial management of physical assets. It serves as the filter that enables critical decision-makers to get to the golden subset of data they need. CERN integrated its asset management system with more than 20 other systems, including document management, control room, radioactive tracing, manufacturing, ERP, SCADA, GIS, reporting, and IoT-networked equipment.

Making right data actionable

We have to go a step beyond even the right data, to the idea that data is only useful if people will use it. Yes, that seems obvious. But to belabor the point, once you’ve winnowed the Big Data down to the right data, it further has to be presented in a format that is digestible and actionable.

For example, I recently got an email from a friend who was promoting a worthy cause. I agreed with everything in the email and wanted to lend my support, but there was no immediate way to do that, short of forwarding the email to others, who would likely end up with my same dilemma: What’s an easy way for me to help? The key word here is ’easy.’ There was no form letter I could send to my state representatives, no crowd-fund link I could click, not even any social media sharing buttons. That simply won’t fly in today’s digital environment. If you want participation, you have to make it easy for people to participate.

The same is true in getting people to embrace new software. It has to have a simple interface, be easy and intuitive to use – something that helps us do our jobs faster or better instead of adding to our tasks. That is the promise of great software, and it is the expectation of customers – data made useful, and in a way that ‘data mining’ becomes ‘data visibility.’

A tall order? Yes. But today’s digital world requires nothing less if we are to find – and use – the hidden gold within our data.

Image credit – Gold panning with a sluice box in a river © hildeanna – Fotolia.com

Facebook to roll out new tools to tackle fake news

Facebook said on Thursday it will introduce tools to prevent fake news stories from spreading on its platform, an about-face in response to rising criticism that it did not do enough to combat the problem during the US presidential campaign.

Facebook Fake News

The social network company stressed that the new features are part of an ongoing process to refine and test how it deals with fake news. It has faced complaints this year involving how it monitors and polices content produced by its 1.8 billion users.

Facebook said users will find it easier to flag fake articles on their News Feed as a hoax, and it will work with organisations such as fact-checking website Snopes, ABC News and the Associated Press to check the authenticity of stories.

New Movies Released 2016 December: Star Wars fans

Star Wars fans get an early, but long-awaited, Christmas present this week with the release of the stand-alone story, Rogue One, which takes place before the events in the original Star Wars (1977) movie, and five years after the animated TV series, Star Wars Rebels. Felicity Jones stars as a rebel soldier tasked with stealing the plans for the Death Star. Apparently, the Force is not as great as with previous entries in the franchise, although few fans are likely to allow only faint praise from the critics to dampen their enthusiasm.

Star Wars Rogue One

As always, the release of a major blockbuster sends most other movies running for cover until the hullabaloo has died down, so pickings are rather thin elsewhere. When it comes to the big screen, Larry Charles, who is chiefly known as a producer of high-profile American TV shows like Seinfeld, Entourage and Curb Your Enthusiasm, is mostly associated with Sacha Baron Cohen’s comedies, but his latest comedy, called Army of One, sees Nicolas Cage (him again), as an American citizen who sets out on his own to find Osama Bin Laden. It received only a limited release in the States before going straight to DVD and it’s critical reception has been lukewarm, so expectations aren’t high.

The rest of this week’s releases in the UK are confined to documentaries. The Eagle Huntress follows 13-year-old nomadic Mongolian Aisholpan as she strives to become her family’s first female eagle huntress in twelve generations, while Howard Brookner, the director of Bloodhounds of Broadway (1989) who was claimed by AIDS before his movie was released, is the subject of his nephew Aaron’s documentary Uncle Howard. Also released is Battle of Soho, a documentary bemoaning the enforced closure of London nightclubs which its makers see as a draconian move by Westminster Council.

The IoT and investment – too little, too late and too much dreaming


The investments made in – and the revenues expected from – the IoT are eye-popping, and the world’s major vendors are already going gang-busters at getting their share. The UK Government, however, is raiding the piggybank for some small change to cover the cost of a bit of post-hoc dreaming about what might be.

Ask for more

The numbers being spent on IoT development investments – and being targeted as potential revenues coming in as a consequence – are eyeball-popping. One wonders if those numbers of digits are allowed to exist in the same data-string.

And the UK is planning to play a part in this business, as this week’s announcement from the PETRAS consortium made clear. Sadly, however, the number of investment digits involved is somewhat paltry – a grand total of just eight of them.

What is more, the investment committed by the UK Government as its contribution to the PETRA project is a mind-boggling £9,800,000. This is part of IoTUK, a £40 million, three-year Government program `that seeks to advance the UK’s global leadership in IoT and increase the adoption of high quality IoT technologies and services throughout businesses and the public sector’.

The investment is, of course, mind-boggling for all the wrong reasons. If you want mind boggling numbers try some of the following.

IBM last month announced a $3 billion investment in its new Watson IoT research and development facility in Munich, where the goal is not even directly IoT systems, but the development of tools that can make sense of the vast gobs of data that the IoT will produce, and point to practical, sensible business and operational decisions that then need to be made – often in real time.

Back in 2011, GE Software was established with a $1 billion investment by the US engineering giant. This is the company that produces complex products such as the GE90 jet engine – widely used on commercial aircraft such as the Boeing 777 – where each one produces more data in a day than all of Twitter’s users. The company knew, more than five years ago, that finding better ways to exploit that data would be a vital skill, especially when it has many fingers in many industrial and engineering pies.

One of GE’s main rivals, Hitachi, was reported last April predicting that IoT could represent a $2-trillion business opportunity by 2020. The company then set its sights conservatively, stating that it was pitching at an IoT-generated revenue stream of $200 billion in 2020 alone. Some analysts at the time suggested that it might even make this number from its existing customer base, given the range and market penetration of its existing sensor product lines.

Pitiful spend

These numbers make the UK’s commitment of £40 million over the next three years to the development of its place in the global space for possibly the biggest, most far-reaching market for applied technology the world has ever seen seem as inconsequential as a flea-bite on the backside of a gnat.

It also has to be set against the UK Government’s continued intention to spend around 1,000 times more money on the application of 19th century technology over an even longer timeframe, in the form of the HS2 railway.

And this investment is intended to solve a problem that existing information management technologies could solve in a far richer, more comprehensive fashion right now, for a fraction of the HS2 investment.

All that would be missing, of course, would be the essential slap-up lunches and dinners needed for `networking’.

This week’s announcement was that Ed Vaizey, Minister of State for Culture and the Digital Economy, has confirmed the establishment of a new interdisciplinary Research Hub `to drive forward UK research in the Internet of Things (IoT)’. Funding will include a £9.8 million grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), which will be boosted by partner contributions to approximately £23 million.

The money will go to the PETRAS consortium of nine leading UK universities. Its three-year mission is to explore critical issues in privacy, ethics, trust, reliability, acceptability, and security.

The nine UK universities involved will be led by UCL, along with Imperial College London, University of Oxford, University of Warwick, Lancaster University, University of Southampton, University of Surrey, University of Edinburgh and Cardiff University. The Hub is also expecting to draw in substantial support and leverage from over 47 partners from industry and the public sector.

In a press statement Digital Economy Minister, Ed Vaizey, is quoted as saying:

UK universities are renowned for their creativity, and pioneering research and development. We want the UK to be a world leader in the adoption of Internet of Things technologies, and I know that bringing these universities together with partners from the UK’s thriving tech industry will be instrumental in making this a reality.

To which the only practical response possible is: ‘Dream on, sunshine’.

By the time any results come to the fore the Government will have needed to sell most of the UK to the Chinese, Japanese and/or Americans, or the country will be even more of an industrial backwater.

The themes the Hub will concentrate on also demonstrate a sweet naivete. For example, targets such as ‘harnessing economic value’, `standards, governance and policy’, and ‘adoption and acceptability’, are direct consequences of being out there at the coalface, doing it in practice. Subjects such as the development of standards come from what is out there, and working, not from what would be, academically, rather nice to have. Such attempts at standards development have rarely, if ever, worked.

According to the press statement:

the multi-disciplinary nature of the Hub’s work will enable research that aims to cause a step change in the way IoT systems are conceived, designed and implemented.

But by the time it gets to even report on any of its research, let alone see it put into action, the world of the IoT will be so embedded in industry and business, healthcare and the running of urban environments as to make every and any of its findings little more than quaint anachronisms.

‘Putin Is World’s Most Powerful Man’ – Forbes

Vladimir Putin was the world’s most powerful person for a fourth straight year in 2016, with US president-elect Donald Trump in second place, Forbes magazine said Wednesday in its annual rankings.

“Russia’s president has exerted his country’s influence in nearly every corner of the globe,” the US business magazine wrote.

Putin Russia
Putin Russia

“From the motherland to Syria to the US presidential elections, Putin continues to get what he wants.”

The 64-year old Russian leader is “unconstrained by conventional global norms (and) his reach has magnified in recent years,” Forbes said.

The magazine wrote that at number two, Trump, who takes over the US presidency in a little more than a month, “has a seeming immunity to scandal, both houses of Congress on his side, and a personal net worth in the billions.”

Trump, who was elected US president last month, was listed 72nd in Forbes’ 2015 power rankings.

Third place this year went to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who has been at the helm of Europe’s economic powerhouse for 11 years and announced plans to run for reelection next year.

Barack Obama, who placed second in 2015, plummeted to 48th place this year as he waits out the final weeks of his presidency, with his Democratic Party ousted from the White House after Trump’s shock election win and out of power in Congress.

Fourth place went to China’s President Xi Jinping, while the fifth spot on the list went to Pope Francis.

Forbes said it assesses the influence of “hundreds of candidates from various walks of life all around the globe” as it compiles its annual list, which this year has on it 74 powerful movers and shakers.

Top 10 Biggest Ports in the World in 2011

The handling capacity of ports is measured in terms of TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units). Based on this unit of calculation, we have rated 10 ship ports as the biggest ports in the world. Incidentally, a majority of these rated marine ports come under the Asian continent and on further narrowing of this statistic, mostly emerge from a single country – China.

It is to note that the list of largest ports in the world is subject to constant alteration. This is mainly because of the development taking place in each and every country across the globe, with respect to marine cargo transportation and commercial networking. China is the frontrunner in this race to have a stronghold in the marine ports’ sector and this competitive spirit of the Asian super-power is clearly being seen in the below compilation.

port of singapore

Credits: news.gov.sg

Detailed below is the list of the 10 marine ports rated as the busiest and the largest:

1. Shanghai (China): Having a total of five working areas, the port of Shanghai became the biggest port in the world, surpassing the port of Singapore. That year alone, around 29 million TEUs were handled by the port of Shanghai which has both – a sea as well as a river port. The port of Shanghai is a source of great economic activity in the Yangtze River area which has helped further the economic status of regions like Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Henan.

2.Ningbo-Zhoushan (China): Formed as a collaborative venture between the Ningbo port and the Zhoushan port in the year 2006, the Ningbo-Zhoushan port is the second-largest marine port in the world. Catering to three rivers – the Yangtze, the Yong and the Qaintang, the port is expected to have a huge boost in the form of the construction of a new terminal – the Jintang Dapukuo, consisting of five berths which are expected to be completed by the year 2014. 

3.Singapore (Singapore): Once rated as the world’s largest port, the port of Singapore has slipped a couple of places and is now ranked third in the same category. From the Singaporean economic perspective, the port of Singapore plays a very important role as it caters to the re-export market on a mammoth scale. The Singapore port is connected to over 600 ports spread around more than a 100 countries. In terms of its handling, the ship port handles a fifth of the global cargo containers and is responsible for the transit of nearly 50% of the global crude oil supply.

4.Rotterdam (The Netherlands):  The only European marine port listed, the Rotterdam port is ranked fourth in the list of biggest marine ports in the world. It also served as the largest port in the world for 42-years between 1962 and 2004 before it was surpassed by Singapore and Shanghai, in that order. The Rotterdam port is the largest port in the whole of Europe. 

5.Tianjin (China): Situated at the River Haihe, the Tianjin port in China is ranked fifth in the list of biggest ports in the world. At present it is connected to over 400 ports in nearly 200 countries across the world, a figure which is expected to rise by the next four years. The Tianjin port is the third largest port in China and the single-largest port in the Northern part of the country.

6.Guangzhou (China): The largest port in Southern China, the Guangzhou port enjoys connectivity with more than 300 ports in almost 100 countries. The port forms the mainstay for the industrial belt found in the Guangxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Jiangxi regions. The port of Huangpu also forms a part of the Guangzhou port.

7. Qingdao (China): Adjoining the Yellow Sea and located at the Shandong Peninsula, the Qingdao port is ranked seventh in the list of 10 biggest ship ports. Facing Japan and South Korea, the world leaders in the shipbuilding business, the Qingdao port is a natural harbour and has connectivity with over 450 ports in over 130 countries.

8. Qinhuangdao Port (China): Operational for nearly three decades, the Qinhuangdao port is mainly known for its coal transportation in the country. Statistically at present, the port is the biggest coal lading port globally and internally, accounts for nearly 50% of the country’s coal transportation between the North and the South.

9. Hong Kong (China): Ranked ninth in the list of the largest marine ports in the world, the Hong Kong port is situated in the South China Sea. A natural harbour, the Hong Kong port has been very instrumental in the economic furtherance of the city of Hong Kong. In the year 2010, the port accounted for 23.7 million TEUs worth of container cargo.

10. Busan (South Korea):  The Port of Busan, also known as Pusan, doubles as South Korea’s largest port and its second-largest city. The 10th biggest port in the world, the port of Busan is situated at the Naktong River and forms a major commercial getaway between the Pacific Ocean and the countries belonging to Eurasia.

The Busan Port Authorities are expected to unveil a new port by the name of New Busan Port to provide a further ease in the operations of the port of Pusan. The construction of the new port is stipulated to be completed by 2015.