World’s Biggest Ports for International Shipping in 2013

Guest Blog by John Collings

Shipping containers are the best cost-efficient way of intercontinental and international transport. They are cheap, large-scaled, and completely protected from the environmental influences and that is why they present the safest way to transport your merchandise overseas. Hired ship containers are most often left at the harbor on their delivery – retrieving an empty container is just not worth it.

World’s greatest harbors are overflowing with a great number of containers – for delivery, delivered, and some are abandoned as well. The categorization and surveillance of that number of containers as well as tracking its personal cargo is a difficult job. Many of them work 24/7 and have a great number of ships and cargo during the day.

Shanghai International Port, China

The Shanghai harbor opened in 1842 as a treaty port. It faces the East China Sea to the east and Hangzhou Bay to the south. Back in the early 20th century, Shanghai became not only the largest city in the Far East, but the largest port too. It survived many cutbacks during the early 90s but because of economic reforms and China’s large-scale international business expansion over the past decade, the Shanghai harbor became the world’s largest port and it took over the title from Singapore.

The Shanghai Port has both a deep-sea port and a river port on the Yangtze, Huangpu, and Qiantang River. Over 736 million tons of cargo (32.529 million TEU) passes through this harbor over the year, thus making it the most important gateway for foreign trade.

The Port of Singapore, Singapore

This port was opened in 1819 by a representative from the British Empire – Sir Stamford Raffles. Since its independence from the British Empire back in 1963, the port flourished. It held the title of the world’s largest port up until 2011. More than 423 million tons (29 million TEU) of cargo passes through this port each year. It holds 436 hectares of ground with 67 berths.

World's Biggest Ports 2013

The Port of Hong Kong, China

The port of Hong Kong is located at the South Sea. It is one of the world’s largest ports and the second most important for the People’s Republic of China. It represents a trading gateway to China’s mainland – over 24 million TEU (twenty-foot equivalent units) of cargo is distributed through the Port of Hong Kong. This is the largest port in Southern China – more than 25 million passengers travel through each year.

It consists of 8 terminals that occupy 2.2 km2 of ground and a 6.592 meters deep water front. These terminals handle and maintain most of the container traffic in Hong Kong.

The Port of Shenzhen, China

This is the fastest growing harbor in China. Located at the Pearl River Delta, it covers 260 km of the coast line. The port of Shenzhen is divided into two large areas by the Kowloon Peninsula. The eastern area is in the Pearl River Estuary (about 37 kilometers south of Hong Kong) and it possesses a deep water port with safe natural shelters. The western area connects cities and countries along the river. Almost 22 million TEU of cargo a year goes through this harbor making it the 4th largest harbor in the world.

The Port of Busan (Pusan), South Korea

This port is located in the southern part of South Korea. This port dates from the late 19th century and now it handles about 50% of the total export cargo of the nation and almost all container throughputs. The port is perfectly located and provides a valuable advantage – it connects both North and South America with Asia. It occupies 180 kilometers of the shore and has almost 16 million TEU of cargo traffic over the year.

These are the top five of the world’s largest ports list. They represent powerful international connections and most of the world’s biggest industrial zones are located around them. The fact is that 7 out of 10 of the world’s biggest ports are located in China – ports in Rotterdam and Dubai are the only ones not in Asia. Almost 52 percent of the total overseas trade is done with shipping containers. The top list is subjected to constant alteration due to the developments that are taking place in the countries where they are located.

 

This was a guest blog by John Collings.

Author Bio:

John Collings is a full time employee with International Freight Forwarding Company who specialize in international Airfreight / Sea freight , Customs Clearance & Special Transport Projects – Allworld Logistics- as a export manager.

10 Cool Big Data Projects

So many people dispute about Big data, its pros and cons and great potential, that we couldn’t help but look for and write about big data projects from all over the world. In this pick you’ll meet serious, funny and even surprising cases of big data use for numerous purposes. Enjoy!

Top 10 Cool Big Data Projects

So, Big Data helps us…

#1. To find exactly what we look for in the internet

Maybe you have never thought that Google, Yahoo, Yandex, Bing and other search engines work with big data when they pick results in response to your search queries, but in fact they do.

Search engines need to cope with trillions of network objects and analyze online behavior of billions of people to understand what exactly they are looking for. It’s only natural that these giants became pioneers of data analysis in many spheres and produce numerous big data related products.

#2. To ride through a city without traffic jams

For example, when Yandex Company sharpened its skills in data analysis, they decided to look at their data from another perspective. That’s how Yandex.Traffic solution was born. This technique analyzes information from different sources and shows a map of real time traffic conditions in a city.

It’s an amazing solution for large cities, where traffic jams become a real pain in the ass. Have you ever been in Moscow? A heartfelt advice: if you are going to, be sure to give Yandex.Traffic a try, as even at this very moment it helps millions of Moscow drivers.

#3. To save rare animals, catching poachers

Poachers hunt for endangered Indian tigers to make medicines from their bones that are very popular among superstitious Chinese. They know every nook and cranny in the tigers habitat area and it would be very hard to catch them without… big data.

#4. To make our cities green

New York City had been rather dangerous because of old trees that had been falling on citizens heads and property until the authorities found the solutions. Now, big data tells them how to maintain the ‘city forest.’

#5. To understand why Indian cuisine is unique

Scientists mined into a bunch of recipes and found out that food-pairing hypothesis works well for any cuisine in the world — except Indian one.

#6. To fight malaria epidemics in Africa

A great project sponsored by Google uses big data technology to solve a global health problem. Many Africans do have a mobile phone even in remote locales. They can text data about what medications they’re taking to let scientists track the spread and treatments of the disease.

#7. To grow ideal Christmas trees

Scientists will connect genetic, physical, and environmental data from more than 15 major plant databases to create tools for growing better crops, plants and ideal Christmas trees.

#8. To understand that our languages are filled with happiness

As it turns out, world languages contain more positive words than negative and are predisposed to happiness.

#9. To make sport shows even more interesting

Elite sport coaches use big data to develop strategies, training and eating programs, and even fan interaction in the chase for better performance on the field.

#10. To improve job conditions

Bosses know everything. Or at least they’ll know if that employee is going to quit — big data will tell them and advise how to improve in job conditions to keep employees.

#11. To enhance relationship

The last but not least comes a special case that was recently mentioned by media. Data analysis can be used to solve global problems as well as very intimate ones. Be sure to read the story of an online-dating data analyst who decided to examine her own relationships in terms of statistics.

Did you know that 90% of stored big data is dead weight? So called Dark Data are bits and pieces of data that seem useful and take a decent place in your storage, but in general you fail to use day to day. This is good news, as this fact shows great potential of data mining and analyses. The dark data wait for a curious mind to bend it. So if you are thinking where to send your child to study, think about this opportunity.

That’s it for today. Next week we are going to publish another post about big data projects. More specifically, about big data helping to save lives and catch criminals. Stay tuned!

Mitsui in big on Malaysia project to build high-tech metropolis

In the Medini district of the Iskandar project, construction companies are building a high-tech metropolis. Mitsui is widening the scope of its infrastructure business in Asia through such projects.

KUALA LUMPUR — Japanese trading giant Mitsui & Co. is capitalizing on its business partnerships in Malaysia to expand its role in the country’s government-backed grand project to build a new multi-functional city.

Iskandar Malaysia is a gargantuan urban development project to build a thriving, high-tech metropolis that can attract money and people from all over the world on a tract of land three times larger than neighboring Singapore.

Located about 30 minutes from Singapore, the development site is shaping up as the bustling scene of a new city emerging amid a raft of ongoing construction work. High-rise condominiums, a university and a movie studio are among the facilities that have already opened in the area. But the burgeoning new city is still dotted with many vacant lots and patches of forests.

For Mitsui, the project offers a great opportunity to widen the scope of its overseas infrastructure business and enhance its competitive position in Asia.

Building a new city

Hulking cranes are everywhere, working on new buildings.

The development project, which started in 2007, is expected to absorb 2 trillion yen ($18.7 billion) more in investment over the next 20 years.

Mitsui’s involvement in the project began in 2013, when it joined the ranks of companies developing the Medini district, a southwestern part of Iskandar where a smart city is being built.

Mitsui has already developed some condos, leisure facilities including a Legoland, a hospital and two office buildings in the district. In the works are plans to build two skyscrapers by 2018 and establish local systems for management of energy consumption in the entire district, payments with electric money and electric car sharing.

The company has already introduced cutting-edge Japanese technologies to support the project, including Azbil‘s integrated building management system, Panasonic‘s solar power generation technology and Fujikura‘s wireless local area network.

“This is radically different from conventional real estate development projects,” said Mitsui’s Tetsuo Okamura, who serves as executive vice president of Medini Iskandar Malaysia, the master developer of the Medini smart city.

Mitsui’s overseas real estate development operations have been mostly limited to the construction of facilities and sales of developed land.

But the company has spent 15 billion yen to acquire a 20% stake in MIM, which is majority owned by a company affiliated with the Malaysian government. As part of the main developer group, Mitsui is involved in the formulation of the master development plan for the area, actual construction work and outsourcing.

Simple building projects offer short-term investment returns, but Mitsui has opted to go after big, long-term profits by becoming part of developer group.

Gaining a foothold

It was not easy even for a global powerhouse with much experience and expertise in a wide range of business areas to get a part in the mammoth, government-backed project in the emerging country.

Mitsui’s Tetsuo Okamura, right, is working with companies affiliated with the Malaysian government in the development of a smart city called Iskandar Malaysia.

When Okamura first contacted key people to negotiate Mitsui’s investment and involvement in MIM, they turned a deaf ear to him, basically saying there was no room for a Japanese company in the project. But Okamura was tenacious in his efforts for Mitsui to become part of the project.

First, he made use of Mitsui’s contacts within the Malaysian government to gain a foothold.

In 2011, Mitsui invested some 90 billion yen in IHH Healthcare, a major Malaysian hospital chain operator. The largest shareholder of the health care service provider is the Malaysian government’s sovereign fund Khazanah Nasional, which is also deeply involved in Iskandar.

Mitsui collected information about Iskandar while supporting IHH’s operations to build ties with the government.

Mitsui also turned to the Singaporean government-affiliated real estate developer Ascendas-Singbridge for help with its bid to acquire a stake in MIM.

Ascendas, which is in a strong position to capitalize on cooperative relations among Southeast Asian nations, is involved in some 30 urban development projects in 10 Asian countries, including Iskandar.

Mitsui’s success in building good working relationship with Ascendas can be seen in Fusionopolis Phase 5, an office area in a business park bristling with skyscrapers and research labs located in southwestern Singapore. A special-purpose company jointly set up in 2012 by Ascendas and Mitsui is in charge of developing the office area, and 30 billion yen have been allotted for the project.

Mitsui was expected to help attract Japanese investment in the area, which is designed to become a hub for technology companies. The company has won the trust of Ascendas by persuading such Japanese technology heavy hitters as Canon and Hitachi to expand their operations into the area.

In 2015, Mitsui embarked on a new project. The trading company acquired a 49% stake in Ascendas’ joint venture with UEM Sunrise, another company affiliated with the Malaysian government, to develop an industrial park named Nusajaya Tech Park within Iskandar. Officials hope that the park, located on 210 hectares of land, will entice 200 companies to move to new facilities.

But as Mitsui’s involvement in Iskandar expands and deepens, the risks for the company also grow. One worrying factor is the weakening of the Malaysian economy, which is causing investment to stagnate in some parts of Iskandar.

Despite its large contribution, Mitsui remains cautious about the outlook of the Iskandar project. “We will maintain our long-term commitment [to the project] while trying to avoid risks,” said Okamura.

The biggest Big Data project in the universe

SUMMARY:

The biggest amount of data ever gathered and processed passing through the UK, for scientists and SMBs to slice, dice, and turn into innovations and insights. When Big Data becomes Super-Massive Data.

Jodrell Bank

Fifty-five years ago today, humanity left Earth for the first time, as cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Since then, we’ve gathered more data about the universe than in all of human history combined, via technology in space and on the ground.

Cosmological data is Big Data,  the biggest there is. And one organization knows more about planning for Big Data, and how to process it when it arrives, than any other enterprise – private or public sector – on the planet. So much so, that we may need to coin a more appropriate phrase for what they gather in the decades to come – Super-Massive Data.

The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Project is the biggest science project on or off Earth. It involves the building over the next two decades of a series of giant arrays of radio telescopes in remote parts of Australia and southern Africa, to create a globe-spanning dish, in effect, with a surface area over 200 times larger than that of the Lovell Telescope at Jodrell Bank.

This UK-centered international programme – headquartered at Jodrell Bank – is designed to understand aspects of fundamental physics on a universal scale, such as gravity and magnetism, all the way out to more traditional astronomy topics, such as supermassive black holes, the origins and evolution of the universe, and the nature of dark matter and dark energy.

Professor Philip Diamond is Director General of the SKA Organisation. He explains:

In many ways, you can think of the SKA as a time machine, as we will be able to look back in time and make movies of the evolving universe. We’ve recently published our science case. It comes in two volumes, totalling 2,000 pages, and when dropped on a minister’s desk, the nine kilograms make a resounding thump – which is the principal aim of the printed copy!

I haven’t mentioned SETI [the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence], but we will be the ultimate SETI machine, too. It’s not one of our main aims, it will be a byproduct, but if we do detect that little signal then I think that would address some of the funding issues we might have.

The UK has committed £200 million to SKA to date, and the Australian government A$300 million, but over the next few years the project will need billions of dollars of investment, the case for which the SKA Organisation is building. Currently it is a UK Limited Company, but will eventually become a treaty organization and inter-governmental project, similar to CERN.

Back to the Big Bang

Using the most common element in the universe, neutral hydrogen, as a tracer, the SKA will be able to follow the trail all the way back to the cosmic dawn, a few hundred thousand years after the Big Bang.

But over billions of years (a beam of light travelling at 671 million miles an hour would take 46.5 billion years to reach the edge of the observable universe) the wavelength of those ancient hydrogen signatures becomes stretched via the doppler effect, until it falls into the same range as the radiation emitted by mobile phones, aircraft, FM radio, and digital TV. This is why the SKA arrays are being built in remote, sparsely populated regions, says Diamond:

The aim is to get away from people. It’s not because we’re antisocial – although some of my colleagues probably are a little! – but we need to get away from radio interference, phones, microwaves, and so on, which are like shining a torch in the business end of an optical telescope.

Eventually there will be two SKA telescopes. The first, consisting of 130,000 2m dipole low-frequency antennae, is being built in the Shire of Murchison, a remote region about 800km north of Perth, Australia – an area the size of the Netherlands, but with a population of less than 100 people. Construction kicks off in 2018.

By Phase 2, said Diamond, the SKA will consist of half-a-million low and mid-frequency antennae, with arrays spread right across southern Africa as well as Australia, stretching all the way from South Africa to Ghana and Kenya – a multibillion-euro project on an engineering scale similar to the Large Hadron Collider.

Which brings us to that supermassive data challenge for what, ultimately, will be an ICT-driven science facility. Diamond says:

The antennae will generate enormous volumes of data: even by the mid-2020s [Phase 1 of the project] we will be looking at 5,000 petabytes – five exabytes – a day of raw data. This will go to huge banks of digital signal processors, which we’re in the process of designing, and then into high-performance computers, and into an archive for scientists worldwide to access.

Our archive growth rate will be somewhere will be somewhere between 300 and 500 petabytes a year – science-quality data coming out of the supercomputer.

Boldly going

But those volumes are only for SKA Phase 1, adds Diamond:

For the full SKA, the figures will go up by a factor of 100. But that’s in the 2030s. We’re designing now for the 2020s, but in the following decade, the data problem will become much worse.

To put all this in perspective, worldwide annual Google searches generate about 100 petabytes of data. Facebook is about twice that. Global business emails generate about 3,000 petabytes, of data. But the raw data from SKA Mid, we estimate, will be 62 exabytes (62,000 petabytes). So we’ve got to design equipment to handle something that’s 20 times larger than global email traffic.

Total global internet traffic is one zetabyte. Ultimately, will have five zetabytes within our internal systems alone. So we will need to build, or have access to, supercomputers with a speed of approximately 300 petaflops.

The fastest supercomputer in the world is currently China’s Tianhe-2, which runs at 33.86 petaflops, so the SKA will need access to a computer that is between six and 10 times faster than the fastest machine on earth. But this doesn’t bother Diamond:

The IBMs and Intels of this world tell us that this is entirely within their forecast capability. In fact, I’m pretty sure that the NSA already has something a little faster but they won’t tell us.

And as with all Big Data, SKA’s Super-Massive Data will not only be defined by its volume and its velocity, but by that all-important third ‘V’ – value. Diamond says:

What we then have to do to these enormous volumes of raw data is detect and amplify them, digitise them and line them up, correlate them and integrate them, process them, and then create sky images, which the scientists will use. We at the SKA will be providing science-ready data products, calibrated and quality controlled.

Traditional radio astronomy goes through this process many times, but we will only be able to do it once. We won’t be able to store all the raw data, it’s a one-pass system. So we have to understand our systematics better than any existing facility on Earth.

For us, the main principles are scalability, affordability, and maintainability, but we also have to maintain innovation. We have bright people throughout the world developing the algorithms to process this data, but we’ve got to be able to replace them straightforwardly as new ideas emerge.

My take

The SKA is an awe-inspiring project, and Diamond hopes that the intergovernmental organisation behind it will be in place by 2017.

Let’s hope, therefore, that local politics don’t derail this extraordinary international collaboration. Might the UK’s possible exit from the European Union – the ‘Brexit’ – imperil this and many other ‘big science’ programmes? And has the SKA program considered deeply enough the physical (as opposed to data) security of vast arrays that cross national boundaries?

Much will come down to how important people consider such programs to be, and what their long-term terrestrial applications might be.

The biggest amount of data ever gathered and processed passing through the UK, for scientists and SMEs to slice, dice, and turn into innovations and insights? Let’s hope we can hang on to that big picture.